less than 1 minute read


Structure, Properties, Benzene Derivatives, Uses, Health Issues

Benzene is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H6. Credit for its discovery and identification in 1825 is usually given to the English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday.

Benzene is a clear, colorless, highly flammable liquid with a pronounced characteristic odor. It has a freezing point of 41.9°F (5.5°C), a boiling point of 176.2°F (80.1°C), and a density of 0.8787 g/mL. It is only slightly soluble in water (0.18 g/100 mL at 77°F [25°C]), but is completely miscible with alcohol, chloroform, ether, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, and other organic solvents. Benzene is not to be confused with benzine, which is not a pure chemical compound but a mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons used as a solvent and a fuel.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Ballistic galvanometer to Big–bang theory