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Preservation And Adaptation

In parts of Africa where national wildlife parks have been established, gazelles can be found in large numbers. In some parts of North Africa, Arabia, and the Near East, however, where they have not had protection, many species of gazelle have been nearly wiped out. Some gazelles that were close to extinction have been preserved through the efforts of particular governments or by individuals in cooperation with zoos.

A number of species of gazelle survive well in arid desert regions. Notable among them is the gerenuk, or giraffe gazelle, so called for the habit of standing up to forage for food. The gerenuk is able to balance itself on its rear legs and it has an unusually long neck. In zoos this gazelle seems never to drink water and has only on rare occasions been seen to drink in its natural habitat.



Estes, Richard D. Behavior Guide to African Mammals. Berkeley: University of California, 1991.

Estes, Richard D. The Safari Companion. Post Mills, Vermont: Chelsea Green, 1993.

Haltenorth, T. and Diller, H. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Africa. London: Collins, 1992.

Spinage, C.A. The Natural History of Antelopes. New York: Facts on File, 1986.

Vita Richman


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Bachelor herds

—A group of young, nonterritorial males.


—Threatening behavior among the same sex for the purpose of expressing dominance or for preventing intruders from entering the territory.

Maternal herd

—A group of females with their dependent young.


—A cud-chewing animal with a four-chambered stomach and even-toed hooves.


—A bounding movement where the animal will bounce and land on all four legs in response to threatening situations.

Territorial male

—A male that defends its area and harem from other males.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Gastrula to Glow dischargeGazelles - Territory And Social Arrangements, Mating And Breeding, Preservation And Adaptation