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Metaphysical Form in Ancient and Medieval Thought



Aquinas, Thomas, St. Scriptum super libros Sententiarum. In S. Thomae Aquinatis Opera Omnia; ut sunt in Indice Thomistico: additis 61 scriptis ex aliis medii aevi auctoribus. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1980.

——. Summa Theologica. A complete English translation, translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Westminster, Md.: Christian Classics, 1981.

A Summary of Philosophy. Translated and edited, with introduction and glossary, by Richard J. Regan, S.J. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2003. A modern translation of selected philosophical texts from Aquinas's theological masterpiece.

Aristotle. The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation. 2 vols. Edited by Jonathan Barnes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Augustine. The Essential Augustine. Edited by Vernon J. Bourke. Indianapolis,: Hackett, 1974. See especially "Divine Ideas as Prototypes," pp. 61–62; selection from Augustine's Eighty-three Different Questions, q. 46, 1–2.

Plato. Five Dialogues. Translated by G. M. A. Grube. Revised by John M. Cooper. Indianapolis,: Hackett, 2002.

——. Plato's Parmenides. Translated with introduction and commentary by Samuel Scolnicov. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.


Davies, Brian. "Thomas Aquinas." In Blackwell's Companion to Mediaeval Philosophy, edited by Jorge Gracia and Timothy Noone, 643–659. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Fine, Gail. On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms. Oxford: Clarendon, 1993.

Klima, Gyula. "Natures: The Problem of Universals." In The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, edited by Arthur Stephen McGrade, 196–207. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Vlastos, Gregory, ed. Plato: A Collection of Critical Essays. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1978.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Ferroelectric materials to Form and matterMetaphysical Form in Ancient and Medieval Thought - Forms As Universal Exemplars In Plato, Individualized Forms In Aristotle, Forms As Divine Ideas In St. Augustine