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Education in China


Bastid, Marianne. Educational Reform in Early Twentieth-Century China. Translated by Paul J. Bailey. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan China Center, 1988.

Borthwick, Sally. Education and Social Change in China: The Beginnings of the Modern Era. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.

De Bary, William Theodore, and John W. Chaffee, eds. Neo-Confucian Education: The Formative Stage. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Elman, Benjamin A., and Alexander Woodside, eds. Education and Society in Late Imperial China, 1600–1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Keenan, Barry. Imperial China's Last Classical Academies: Social Change in the Lower Yangzi, 1864–1911. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Ko, Dorothy. Teachers of the Inner Chambers: Women and Culture in Seventeenth-Century China. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1994.

Lee, Thomas H. C. Education in Traditional China: A History. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1999.

Meskill, John. Academies in Ming China: A Historical Essay. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1982.

Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida. Education and Popular Literacy in Ch'ing China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1979.

Walton, Linda. Academies and Society in Southern Sung China. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Dysprosium to Electrophoresis - Electrophoretic TheoryEducation in China - Educational Ideals In Late Traditional China, Education, Society, And Examinations, Political Uses Of Education