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Education in China - Educational Ideals In Late Traditional China, Education, Society, And Examinations, Political Uses Of Education

classical chinese empire merit

Since antiquity Chinese placed an inordinately high value on education. During the classical era (600–250 B.C.E.), the Chinese advanced the notion that merit and ability measured by training should take precedence over race or birth in state appointments. Since the early empire (200 B.C.E.–200 C.E.), clans and families mobilized financial and cultural resources to provide boys (and sometimes girls) with the tools of classical literacy. However, a society based on merit remained only an ideal. Through the middle empire (600–900 C.E.) education remained the privilege of landed aristocrats and prosperous merchants.

The imperial state increased its expenditures on education during the Tang (618–906) and Song (960–1280) dynasties, when it created the first examination system for selecting officials. In addition, the rise of Buddhism in medieval China created charitable institutions for the common people, which included temple schools and monasteries, where many commoners—male and female—were educated. Building on such precedents, late imperial (1400–1900) statesmen and local leaders, except for the occasional Daoist eccentric, agreed that education, particularly a classical, moral education, was one of the foundations of public order and civilized life.

Education in Europe - Greek Education, Roman Education, Education Of Women In Greece And Rome, Medieval Education, From The Renaissance To The Enlightenment [next] [back] Traditional Education in Asia and Modern - South Asia, East Asia, Modernization, Bibliography

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about 4 years ago

new literati social groups that endured from 1400 to the twentieth century. dissertation thesis writingClassical learning became the empirewide examination curriculum, which reached into co…