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The History Of Genetics, The Biology Of Genetics, The Genetic Code, Dominant And Recessive Traits

Genetics is the branch of biology concerned with the science of heredity, or the transfer of specific characteristics from one generation to the next. Genetics focuses primarily on genes, coded units found along the DNA molecules of the chromosomes, housed by the cell nucleus. Together, genes make up the blueprints that determine the entire development of the species of organisms down to specific traits, such as the color of eyes and hair. Geneticists are concerned with three primary areas of gene study: how genes are expressed and regulated in the cell, how genes are copied and passed on to successive generations, and what are the genetic basis for differences between the species. Although the science of genetics dates back at least to the nineteenth century, little was known about the exact biological makeup of genes until the 1940s. Since that time, genetics has moved to the forefront of biological research. Scientists are now on the verge of identifying the location and function of every gene in the entire human genome. The result will not only be a greater understanding of the human body, but new insights into the origins of disease and the formulation of possible treatments and cures.

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