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Concentration Gradients

Molecules always diffuse from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration. The difference between the concentration of a substance in one area compared to another area is the concentration gradient. For example, placing ink on the surface of water establishes a concentration gradient in which the surface of the water has a high concentration of ink, and the rest of the water has a low concentration. As the ink diffuses, it moves from the area of high concentration to the area of low concentration, eventually resulting in a solution with equal concentrations of ink.

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