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Abimbola, Wande. Ifá: An Exposition of Ifá Literary Corpus. Ibadan: Oxford University Press Nigeria, 1976.

Bascom, William. Ifa Divination: Communication Between Gods and Men in West Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1969. Reprint, 1991.

Beattie, John, and John Middleton, eds. Spirit Mediumship and Society in Africa. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Blier, Suzanne Preston. African Vodun: Art, Psychology, and Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

——. The Anatomy of Architecture: Ontology and Metaphor in Batammaliba Architectural Expression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Boddy, Janice. Wombs and Alien Spirits: Women and Men in the Zar Cult in Northern Sudan. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.

Buxton, Jean. Religion and Healing in Mandari. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973.

Comaroff, Jean. Body of Power, Spirit of Resistance: The Culture and History of a South African People. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Evans-Pritchard, E. E. Nuer Religion. Oxford: Clarendon, 1956.

Fortes, Meyer. Religion, Morality, and the Person: Essays on Tallensi Religion. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Griaule, Marcel. Conversations with Ogotemmeli: An Introduction to Dogon Religious Ideas. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Hackett, Rosalind I. J. Art and Religion in Africa. London: Cassell, 1996.

Idowu, E. Bolaji. African Traditional Religion: A Definition. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1973.

——. Olodumare: God in Yoruba Belief. New York: Wazobia, 1994.

Johnson, Douglas. Nuer Prophets: A History of Prophecy from the Upper Nile in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Oxford: Clarendon, 1994.

Lambek, Michael. Human Spirits: A Cultural Account of Trance in Mayotte. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Lawal, Babatunde. The Gèlèdé Spectacle: Art, Gender, and Social Harmony in an African Culture. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996.

Lienhardt, R. Godfrey. Divinity and Experience: The Religion of the Dinka. Oxford: Clarendon, 1961.

Magesa, Laurenti. African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1997.

Mbiti, John. Introduction to African Religion. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1991.

Middleton, John. Lugbara Religion: Ritual and Authority among an East African People. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Ranger, Terence, and I. N. Kimambo, eds. The Historical Study of African Religion. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Setiloane, Gabriel. The Image of God among the Sotho-Tswana. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Balkema, 1976.

Smith, Edwin. African Ideas of God. London: Edinburgh House, 1950.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Vintage, 1984.

Turner, Victor. The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1967.

Van Binsbergen, Wim, and Matthew Schoffeleers, eds. Theoretical Explorations in African Religion. London: Kegan Paul, 1985.

Zahan, Dominique. The Religion, Spirituality, and Thought of Traditional Africa. Translated by Kate Ezra Martin and Lawrence Martin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Reason to RetrovirusReligion - Africa - Myth And Cosmology, Gods And Spirits, Religion And Possession, Religious Authorities, Worship Spaces