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Colonialism - Africa - Colonialism In African History, The Nature Of The Colonial Encounter, The Bifurcated Colonial State, Dependent Colonial Capitalism

postcolonial nationalist paradigms ideologies

Conceptions and characterizations of colonialism vary considerably among scholars of Africa. Differences and debates center on four sets of interrelated issues: first, the place and importance of the colonial period in African history; second, the nature of the colonial encounter and its driving force; third, the typologies of African colonialism; and fourth, the legacies of colonialism for postcolonial Africa. These questions have been addressed from a wide variety of disciplinary and analytical traditions. In general, the historiography of colonialism in Africa has been dominated at different moments by four paradigms: the imperialist, nationalist, radical, and postcolonial.

Imperialist approaches, which prevailed in the early twentieth century, emphasized the civilizing mission and impact of colonialism. Critiques against this tradition, combined with nationalist struggles that led to decolonization, culminated in the rise of nationalist historiography, which emphasized African activities and agency. From the 1970s, influenced by a growing sense of pessimism about the developmental and democratic capacities of the postcolonial state and the rise of militant ideologies and social movements, "radical" approaches emerged, centered on dependency and Marxist ideas that highlighted the economic depredations and effects of colonialism. In the 1990s, following the demise of socialist regimes and ideologies and the spread of poststructuralism and postmodernism, postcolonial perspectives were increasingly used to reinterpret the cultural and discursive dynamics and complexities of colonialism. Additional paradigms on colonialism arose, most critically those informed by feminist and environmental studies, which stress the role of gender and ecology in the construction of colonial identities, societies, and political economies.

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over 1 year ago

Iwant to know how colonial economy was established in Africa colonies

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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about 2 years ago

IWANT TO HAVE LOT OF KNOWLDGE ABOUT MY COUNTRY HISTORY

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over 3 years ago

I am a female college student, I am a returning college student. I am also older and have raised a family and I am now a grandmother to a 1 month old baby boy. I am hopeful that I will be able t achieve my dream of obtaining a Bachelor's Degree in Writing/Communications. I find that it is still critical that women explore their options, as they are frequently viewed as the "weaker sex."

Even though so much has changed in the face of the "The Women's Liberation Movement," there are still many many women that see a different face. A face of anger, a danger at how they can dare to change the pertruding face of fear, dare to see the challenges and dare to say no, to their biggest demon. Poverty amongst people and family members are still prevalent in todays times. Many many women are back in school to make better life style choices, but are also older. How will that knowledge apply to their inner santucm, where their fear lives and fear drives away their ability to imangine?

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over 1 year ago

Basing to critical thinking and theory of establishing colonialism in Africa It has seen to make a confusions on mind among the scholars to justify and to trace the general factor necessitated the establishment of such event to concerned area.

STUDENT OF STEMMUCO

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over 3 years ago

This article proposes an historically oriented typology of contemporary African political systems: the polyarchic, the socialist, the civil-authoritarian, and the praetorian. Their performance after independence is evaluated then in terms of Gross National Product (GNP) per capita growth, improvements in the “physical quality of life,” indicators of “dependence,” and normative standards. Closer analysis reveals a differentiated pattern that contradicts many commonly held assumptions concerning the developmental advantages of (civil or military) authoritarian rule in Third World countries. Thus polyarchic systems fare quite well both in terms of GNP growth and the improvement of the basic quality of life. They also have the best record concerning normative standards (protection of civil liberties and freedom from political repression). Socialist systems show a poorer performance in terms of economic growth, but have a good record in improving the living conditions of a larger part of the population, especially in the fields of health and education. The civil-authoritarian states do well with respect to GNP per capita growth rates, but relatively little of this growth contributes to the improvement of basic living standards. Praetorian systems have the worst records in all regards. Dependence does not turn out to be a significant factor contributing to this differentiated pattern of performance.



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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 2 years ago

if the african union headed by Dr BONI YAYI can be conscient of the problems that have our continent, Africa can become dependent. signed by jonas y. a student of the university of benin [ UAC ]

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 2 years ago

colonialism uprooted all African values.It was evil through and through

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over 1 year ago

With it's characteristics,discuss the roots of the colonialist history of west Africa

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over 1 year ago

Nicejob!

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over 1 year ago

Discuss the per-colonial Economy of Africa state be for the advent of colonialist.

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over 1 year ago

Examine the political and Economic development of Africa before and during colonial period.

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over 1 year ago

this is stupid

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almost 2 years ago

Colonial writers wanted to give colonialism a Human face,According to my own view i think it is important for African present day dwellers to throw the colonial perspectives into Dustbins of History

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almost 2 years ago

this history is shallow and Europian oriented.i think am becoming a racist

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about 2 years ago

IWANT TO HAVE LOT OF KNOWLDGE ABOUT MY COUNTRY HISTORY

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over 2 years ago

if the african union headed by Dr BONI YAYI can be conscient of the problems that have our continent, Africa can become dependent. signed by jonas y. a student of the university of benin [ UAC ]

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over 2 years ago

How can one discuss the relevance a resistance in third world politics systems.

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over 2 years ago

How can one discuss the relevance a resistance in third world politics systems.

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over 2 years ago

Indeed Africa was collonized,but historigraphy is a weak link.Also indeed how many men are looking in the past of Africa for their rights and freedom.Is oine loooking for only that;or so it is with the essay.

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almost 3 years ago

From what we've read and heard from our elders, colonialism is violent in nature. violence was used to introduce it. the same violence was uesd to consolidate it in Africa.