Other Free Encyclopedias » Science Encyclopedia » Science & Philosophy: Categorical judgement to Chimaera » Cell - Types Of Cells, Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes, Cell Size And Numbers, The Structure And Function Of Cells - The structure of eukaryotes, Plant organelles, Vacuoles, Cell wall

Cell - Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes

nucleus distinct organelles lack

Two types of cells are recognized in living things. Prokaryotes (literally, "before the nucleus") are cells that have no distinct nucleus. Most prokaryotic organisms are single-celled, such as bacteria and algae. Eukaryotic (literally, "true nucleus") organisms, on the other hand, have a distinct nucleus and a highly organized internal structure. Distinct organelles, the small structures that each perform a specific set of functions, are present within eukaryotes. These organelles are bound by membranes. Prokaryotes, in addition to their lack of a nucleus, also lack these membrane-bound organelles.

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