Arrian. The Campaigns of Alexander. London: Penguin, 1976.
Bible, The. The life of David, in I and II Samuel; Jesus, in Matthew; and Paul, in Acts. Various editions, including the Revised Standard Edition.
Confucius. The Analects. Translated by Arthur Waley. New York: Vintage, 1989.
Dante. The Divine Comedy. Translated by John Ciardi. New York: Norton, 1977. Significant for its portrayal of the full range of human triumphs and foibles.
Lao Tzu. The Tao Te Ching. Translated by Stephen Mitchell. New York: Perennial, 1992.
Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Prince. Translated by George Bull. New York: Bantam, 1984. One of the most enduring and significant leadership manuals, with some fifty editions currently in print.
Plato. The Republic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1951.
Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Shakespeare's plays offer insight into the human condition and human motivations, a deep understanding of which is required for leadership. Hamlet, in particular, gives humanity a terrifying look inside itself.
——. Othello. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Offers a view of how a leader is undone by an evil lieutenant.
Sophocles. Antigone. Translated by Richard Emil Braun. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Notable for its display of the pitfalls of rigidity in a leader.
Sun Tzu. The Art of War. Translated by Ralph D. Sawyer. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994.
Bennis, Warren. On Becoming a Leader. Reading, Mass.: Addison Wesley, 1989.
Carlyle, Thomas. On Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in History. New York: Ginn and Co., 1902. Notable for its theory of leadership in contrast to that of Tolstoy.
Drucker, Peter. The Essential Drucker: Selections from the Management Works of Peter F. Drucker. New York: HarperBusiness, 2001. A significant modern leadership book.
Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. The Change Masters: Innovations for Productivity in the American Corporation. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983.
——. When Giants Learn to Dance: Mastering the Challenge of Strategy, Management, and Careers in the 1990s. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.
McGregor, Douglas. The Human Side of Enterprise. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.
O'Toole, James. Leading Change: The Argument for Values-Based Leadership. New York: Ballantine, 1996.
Tolstoy, Leo. War and Peace. Translated by Louise and Aylmer Maude. New York: Oxford University Press, 1931. Of interest for its theory of leadership, in contrast to that of Carlyle.
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