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Personal and Social Identity


Brewer, Marilynn B. "The Social Self: On Being the Same and Different at the Same Time." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 17 (1991): 475–482.

Bruner, Jerome S. "On Perceptual Readiness." Psychological Review 64 (1957): 123–152.

Oakes, Penelope J. "The Salience of Social Categories." In Rediscovering the Social Group, edited by John C. Turner et al. New York: Blackwell, 1987.

Sedikides, Constantine, and Marilynn B. Brewer, eds. Individual Self, Relational Self, Collective Self: Partners, Opponents, or Strangers? Philadelphia: Psychology Press, 2001.

Simmel, Georg. The Web of Group Affiliations. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press, 1955.

Simon, B. "Self and Group in Modern Society: Ten Theses on the Individual Self and the Collective Self." In The Social Psychology of Stereotyping and Group Life, edited by Russell Spears et al., 318–335. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1997.

Spears, Russell. "The Interaction between the Individual and the Collective Self: Self-Categorization in Context." In Individual Self, Relational Self, Collective Self: Partners, Opponents, or Strangers?, edited by Constantine Sedikides and Marilynn B. Brewer, 171–198. Philadelphia: Psychology Press, 2001.

Tajfel, Henri. "Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations." Annual Review of Psychology 33 (1982): 1–39.

Tajfel, Henri, ed. Differentiation between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. London: Academic Press, 1978.

Tajfel, Henri, and Turner, J. C. "The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior." In Psychology of Intergroup Relations, edited by Stephen Worchel and William G. Austin, 7–24. Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1986.

Trafimow, D., H. C. Triandis, and Sharon G. Goto. "Some Tests of the Distinction Between the Private Self and the Collective Self." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 60 (1991): 649–655.

Turner, J. C. "Towards a Cognitive Redefinition of the Group." In Social Identity and Intergroup Relations, edited by Henri Tajfel, 15–40. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Pebi- to History of Philosophy - IndifferentismPersonal and Social Identity - Contextualism, Interactionism, Commitment, Culture, And The Relation Between Personal And Social Identity, Caveats, Criticism, And Extensions