less than 1 minute read

General Will



Constant, Benjamin. Principes de politique. In Écrits politiques. Paris: Gallimard, 1997.

Diderot, Denis. "Droit Naturel." In Oeuvres complètes, vol. 7. Paris: Hermann, 1976. Originally published in vol. 5 of the Encyclopédie.

Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de. De l'esprit des lois. In Oeuvres complètes, vol. 1. Paris: Gallimard, 1949–1951.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. The Collected Writings of Rousseau. Edited by Roger D. Masters and Christopher Kelly. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1990–. 10 vols. to date. The standard edition of Rousseau's works in English translation.

——. Oeuvres complètes. Paris: Gallimard, 1959–1995. 5 vols. The standard critical edition of Rousseau's works. Du contrat social and Économie politique are included in vol. 3.


Keohane, Nannerl O. Philosophy and the State in France: The Renaissance to the Enlightenment. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Melzer, Arthur M. The Natural Goodness of Man: On the System of Rousseau's Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Riley, Patrick. The General Will before Rousseau: The Transformation of the Divine into the Civic. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Gastrula to Glow dischargeGeneral Will - The General Will Before Rousseau, Jean-jacques Rousseau, Rousseau's General Will, The General Will After Rousseau