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Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid's Tale. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.

Burgess, Anthony. A Clockwork Orange. 1st American ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 1963.

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper and Row, 1947.

Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-four. London: Secker and Warburg, 1949.

Zamyatin, Yevgeny. We. Translated by Gregory Zilboorg. Boston: Gregg Press, 1975.


Aldridge, Alexandra. The Scientific World View in Dystopia. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1984.

Booker, M. Keith. Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1994.

——. The Dystopian Impulse in Modern Literature: Fiction as Social Criticism. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Gottlieb, Erika. Dystopian Fiction East and West: Universe of Terror and Trial. Montreal and Ithaca, N.Y.: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001.

Kumar, Krishan. Utopia and Anti-Utopia in Modern Times. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

Lewis, Arthur O., Jr. "The Anti-Utopian Novel: Preliminary Notes and Checklist." Extrapolation: A Science-Fiction Newsletter 2, no. 2 (May 1961): 27–32.

Negley, Glenn, and J. Max Patrick, eds. The Quest for Utopia: An Anthology of Imaginary Societies. New York: Henry Schuman, 1952.

Sargent, Lyman Tower. British and American Utopian Literature, 1516–1985: An Annotated, Chronological Bibliography. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, vol. 831. New York: Garland, 1988.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Dysprosium to Electrophoresis - Electrophoretic TheoryDystopia - Goals Of Dystopian Fiction, Nineteenth-century Dystopias, Twentieth-century Dystopias, Recent Directions