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Communism in Europe



Alexander, Robert J. International Trotskyism 1929–1985: A Documentary Analysis of the Movement. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1991.

Bebel, August. Women and Socialism. London: Zwan Books, 1988.

Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. Edited and translated by Quinton Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1971.

Kautsky, Karl. The Class Struggle (Erfut Program). New York: Norton, 1971.

Kollantai, Alexandra. Selected Writings. Translated by Alix Holt. London: Alison and Busby, 1977.

Korsch, Karl. Karl Korsch: Revolutionary Theory, edited by Douglas Kellner. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977.

Kropotkin, Peter. Anarchist Communism, edited by Nicolas Walter. London: Freedom Press, 1987.

Lenin, Vladimir I. Selected Works. 3 vols. Moscow: Progress, 1977.

Lukács, György. Political Writings, 1919–1929. Translated by Michael McColgan. London: New Left Books, 1972.

Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.

Marxists Internet Archive. Available from www.marxists.org. A wide range of texts in English translation and other information.

Stalin, Joseph. Selected Works. Edited by Lightning Source Inc. Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, 2002.


Berger, Stefan, and David Broughton, eds. The Force of Labour: The Western European Labour Movement and the Working Class in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Berg, 1995.

Blackburn, Robin. After the Fall: The Failure of Communism and the Future of Socialism. London: Verso, 1991.

Bull, Martin J., and Paul Heywood, eds. West European Communist Parties after the Revolutions of 1989. London: Macmillan, 1994.

Cahm, Caroline. Kropotkin and the Rise of Revolutionary Anarchism, 1872–86. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Carey Hunt, R. N. The Theory and Practice of Communism. Rev. ed. London: Penguin, 1963.

Claudín, Fernando. The Communist Movement: From Comintern to Cominform. London: Cox and Wyman, 1975.

Cowling, Mark, ed. The Communist Manifesto: New Interpretations. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1998.

Donald, Moira, and Tim Rees, eds. Reinterpreting Revolution in Twentieth Century Europe. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001.

Eley, Geoff. Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850–2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Fowkes, Ben. The Rise and Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe. London: Macmillan, 1983.

Furet, François. The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century. Translated by Deborah Furet. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Harding, Neil. Leninism. London: Macmillan, 1996.

Haupt, Georges. Aspects of International Socialism, 1871–1914. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Joll, James. The Second International, 1889–1914. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 1974.

Kindersley, Richard, ed. In Search of Eurocommunism. London: Macmillan, 1981.

Laqueur, Walter. The Dream That Failed: Reflections on the Soviet Union. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Lichtheim, George. A Short History of Socialism. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1980.

McDermott, Kevin, and Jeremy Agnew. The Comintern: A History of International Communism from Lenin to Stalin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.

Millar, James R., and Sharon L. Wolchik, eds. The Social Legacy of Communism. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Naimark, Norman, and Leonid Gibianskii, eds. The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe, 1944–1949. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

Rose, R. B. Rose. Gracchus Babeuf: The First Revolutionary Communist. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1978.

Sassoon, Donald. One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century. New York: I. B. Tauris, 1996.

Stern, Geoffrey. The Rise and Decline of International Communism. Aldershot, U.K.: Edward Elgar, 1990.

Westoby, Adam. The Evolution of Communism. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press, 1989.

Woodcock, George, and Ivan Avakumovic. The Anarchist Prince: A Biographical Study of Peter Kropotkin. New York: Schocken, 1971.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Cluster compound to ConcupiscenceCommunism in Europe - Karl Marx And The Origins Of Modern Communism, Non-marxist Communism, Marxism And European Socialism