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Eber, Irene, Sze-kar Wan, and Knut Wulf, eds. Bible in Modern China: The Literary and Intellectual Impact. Nettetal, Germany: Steyler, 1999.

Elison, George. Deus Destroyed: the Image of Christianity in Early Modern Japan. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Gernet, Jacques. China and the Christian Impact: A Conflict of Cultures. Translated by Janet Lloyd. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Mungello, D. E. The Spirit and the Flesh in Shandong, 1650–1785. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001.

Neill, Stephen. A History of Christian Missions. Hammondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1964. Revised 2nd ed., 1986.

Ricci, Matteo, S.J. The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven (T'ienchu Shih-i). Translated by Douglas Lancashire and Peter Hu Kuo-chen, S.J. St. Louis: Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1985.

Spence, Jonathan. God's Chinese Son: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan. New York: Norton, 1996.

Standaert, Nicolas, ed. Handbook of Christianity in China. Vol. 1, 635–1800. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2001.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Chimaeras to ClusterChristianity - Asia - Jesuit Accommodation, Asian Inculturation, Bibliography