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Barbarism and Civilization


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Engels, Friedrich. The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. Edited by Eleanor Burke Leacock. Translated by Alec West. New York: International Publishers, 1972.

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Harrison, Thomas. "General Introduction." In Greeks and Barbarians, edited by Thomas Harrison. London: Routledge, 2002.

Herodotus. The History. Translated by David Grene. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto. Edited by Samuel H. Beer. Northbrook, Ill.: AHM Publishing, 1955.

Morgan, David. The Mongols. Oxford, and New York: Blackwell, 1986.

Morgan, Lewis Henry. Ancient Society. New York: Henry Holt, 1878. Reprint, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985.

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Nicolle, David. The Age of Tamerlane. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1990.

Redfield, James, "Herodotus the Tourist." In Greeks and Barbarians, edited by Thomas Harrison. London: Routledge, 2002.

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Toynbee, Arnold J. A Study of History. Vol. 1. 2nd ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1935.

——. A Study of History. Vol. 6. London: Oxford University Press, 1939.

——. A Study of History. Vol. 12: Reconsiderations. London: Oxford University Press, 1960.

Wilkinson, Endymion. Chinese History: A Manual. Rev. and enlarged. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center, 2000.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Ballistic galvanometer to Big–bang theoryBarbarism and Civilization - Friedrich Engels: Barbarism And Civilization, Herodotus And The Barbarians, Toynbee's Rhythm Of History