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Types Of Tsunami

Tsunami researchers classify tsunami according to their area of effect. They can be local, regional, or ocean-wide. Local tsunami are often caused by submarine volcanoes, submarine sediment slumping, or coastal landslides. These can often be the most dangerous because there is often little warning between the triggering event and the arrival of the tsunami.

Seventy-five percent of tsunami are considered to be regional events. Japan, Hawaii, and Alaska are commonly hit by regional tsunami. Hawaii, for example has been hit repeatedly during this century, about every five to 10 years. One of the worst was the April 1, 1946, tsunami that destroyed the city of Hilo.

Pacific-wide tsunami are the least common as only 3.5% of tsunami are this large, but they can cause tremendous destruction due to the massive size of the waves. In 1940 and 1960, destructive Pacific-wide tsunami occurred. More recently, there was a Pacific-wide tsunami on October 4, 1994, which caused substantial damage in Japan with 11.5 ft (3.5 m) waves. North America was lucky that time. Waves of only 6 in (15 cm) over the normal height were recorded in British Columbia.

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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Toxicology - Toxicology In Practice to TwinsTsunami - Types Of Tsunami, Tsunami In History, Predicting Tsunami—the International Tsunami Warning System, The Warning System In Action