less than 1 minute read


Disturbance, Stress, And Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Mechanisms Of Succession, Climax—the End Point Of Succession

Succession is a process of ecological change, involving the progressive replacement of earlier biotic communities with others over time. Succession usually begins with the disturbance of a pre-existing ecosystem, followed by recovery. In the absence of further stand-level disturbance, succession culminates in a stable climax community, the nature of which is determined by climate, soil, and the nature of the local biota. Primary succession occurs on bare substrates that have not been previously modified by biological processes. Secondary succession occurs on substrates that have been modified biologically, and it follows disturbances that have not been so intense as to eliminate the regenerative capacity of the vegetation.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Stomium to Swifts