Climax—the End Point Of Succession
The climax of succession is a relatively stable community that is in equilibrium with environmental conditions. The climax condition is characterized by slow rates of change in an old-growth community, compared with more dynamic, earlier stages of succession. The climax stage is dominated by species that are highly tolerant of the biological stresses associated with competition, because access to resources is almost completely allocated among the dominant organisms of the climax community. However, it is important to understand that the climax community is not static, because of the dynamics of within-community microsuccession, associated, for example, with gaps in a forest canopy caused by the death of individual trees. Moreover, if events of stand-level disturbance occur relatively frequently, the climax or old-growth condition will not be achieved.
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Freedman, B. Environmental Ecology. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995.
Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Stomium to SwiftsSuccession - Disturbance, Stress, And Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Mechanisms Of Succession, Climax—the End Point Of Succession