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History Of Pollination Studies, Evolution Of Pollination, Wind Pollination, Pollination By Animals

Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs of A honeybee becomes coated in pollen while gathering nectar and transports the pollen as it goes from flower to flower. Photograph by M. Ruckszis. Stock Market/Zefa Germany. Reproduced by permission. a plant, and it precedes fertilization, the fusion of the male and the female sex cells. Pollination occurs in seed-producing plants, but not in the more primitive spore-producing plants, such as ferns and mosses. In plants such as pines, firs, and spruces (the gymnosperms), pollen is transferred from the male cone to the female cone. In flowering plants (the angiosperms), pollen is transferred from the flower's stamen (male organ) to the pistil (female organ). Many species of angiosperms have evolved elaborate structures or mechanisms to facilitate pollination of their flowers.

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