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Particle Detectors

Wire Chambers

In many nuclear and particle physics experiments, beam lines are constructed along which secondary particles of interest, produced by an accelerator, are maintained in a beam by a series of focusing and bending magnets. Wire chambers are used along these beam lines to actually track individual particles as they move along the beam line. The chambers are similar in a general way to the Geiger counter since they are gas counters. Instead of one wire the chambers have many parallel wires spaced at distances of a few millimeters. The position of charged particles passing through the chamber can be measured with uncertainties even less than the wire spacing, using fast timing circuits. These chamber measurements facilitate identification of the particle and the measurement of its momentum.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Overdamped to PeatParticle Detectors - Geiger Counter, Scintillation Detector, Solid State Detectors, Neutron Detectors, Cerenkov Detectors, Cloud Chambers And Bubble Chambers