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Metals Analysis

Archeologists analyze metal artifacts to determine the sources of ores used to produce the artifacts, and to learn more about trade patterns and fabrication technologies. Metal analyses are also used to authenticate artifacts. Analytical techniques frequently used to determine elemental compositions include x-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrometry, and neutron activation analysis. Lead isotope analysis is the technique of choice for determining sources of ores containing copper, silver, and tin (all of which contain trace amounts of lead).

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Anticolonialism in Southeast Asia - Categories And Features Of Anticolonialism to Ascorbic acidArchaeometry - Archaeomagnetic And Paleomagnetic Dating, Dendrochronology, Fission-track Dating, Lithics, Luminescence Dating, Metals Analysis