Biology Of Grapes, Native Grapes Of North America, Agricultural GrapesGrapes in horticulture
Grapes are various species of woody vines in the genus Vitis, family Vitaceae. This family contains about 700 species most of which occur in tropical and subtropical climates, although some occur in temperate habitats. The genus Vitis has about 50 species. Grapes are ecologically important as food for wildlife. They are also cultivated by humans in large quantities, mostly for the production of table grapes, raisins, and wines.
Some species of grapes are occasionally used in horticulture. The desired utilization is generally as a wall covering and sometimes for the visual aesthetics of the foliage in the autumn. Species commonly grown for these horticultural purposes are Vitis vinifera and V. coignetiae. The Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a closely related native species that is also often used for these purposes as is the introduced Boston ivy (P. tricuspidata).
See also Graft.
Judd, Walter S., Christopher Campbell, Elizabeth A. Kellogg, Michael J. Donoghue, and Peter Stevens. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach. 2nd ed. with CD-ROM. Suderland, MD: Sinauer, 2002.
Klein, R. M. The Green World. An Introduction to Plants and People. New York: Harper and Row, 1987.
Raven, Peter, R. F. Evert, and Susan Eichhorn. Biology of Plants. 6th ed. New York: Worth Publishers Inc., 1998.
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