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Future Prospects

Ammonia will continue to be important for agriculture and for the whole nitrogen chemicals industry. As countries in Asia and Latin America develop high standards of living and stronger economies, they will begin to need their own ammonia plants. For this reason, capacity and production will continue to grow. New uses may develop, particularly for ammonia as a relatively inexpensive base with unique properties, for liquid ammonia as a solvent, and as a storage medium for hydrogen, as the nations evolve toward alternative fuels.

See also Amides.



Greenwood, N. N. and A. Earnshaw. Chemistry of the Elements. New York: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997.

K.H. Buechel, et al. Industrial Inorganic Chemistry. New York: VCH, 2000.

Minerals Yearbook 2000. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2001.


Seiler, N. "Ammonia and Alzheimer's Disease." Neurochemistry International 41, no. 2-3 (2002): 187-207.

John R. Phillips


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Ammonia complexes

—Species, usually positively charged ions, formed by linking several ammonia molecules through their nitrogen atoms to a transition metal ion.


—A billion joules. An amount of energy equal to 277 kilowatt-hours, or about the electrical energy used by a family in a month.


—A polymer such as nylon, containing recurrent amide groups linking segments of the polymer chain.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Ambiguity - Ambiguity to Anticolonialism in Middle East - Ottoman Empire And The Mandate SystemAmmonia - Ammonia In The Past, Physical And Chemical Properties Of Ammonia, Sources And Production Of Ammonia