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Biologists have estimated that over 200,000 species of fungi exist in nature, although only about 100,000 have been identified so far. Since classification schemes of organisms are usually based on evolutionary relationships, and the evolutionary relationships of fungi are not well known, biologists have proposed numerous classification schemes for fungi over the years. Below, we consider the five major phyla that nearly all mycologists would agree belong in the kingdom of Fungi.

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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Formate to GastropodaFungi - General Characteristics, Nutrition And Ecology, Evolution, Classification, Zygomycota, Conjugating Fungi, Ascomycota, Sac Fungi