Advances In Fault Studies
Our understanding of how faults move has improved greatly with modern technology and mapping. Laser survey equipment and satellite photogrammetry (measurements made with highly accurate photographs) have helped measure minute movements on faults that may indicate significant patterns and imminent earthquakes. Seismic gaps have been identified along plate boundaries. Through detailed mapping of tiny earthquakes, zones where strains in the earth have been relieved are identified; similarly, seismic gap areas without those strain-relieving motions are studied as the most likely zones of origin of coming earthquakes.
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Keller, Edward. Environmental Geology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 2000.
Japanese Geotechnical Society. Soils and Foundations: Special Issue on Geotechnical Aspects of the January 17, 1995, Hyogoken-Nambu Earthquake. Tokyo: Japanese Geotechnical Society, January 1996.
Verney, Peter. The Earthquake Handbook. New York: Paddington Press Ltd., 1970.
Walker, Bryce and the Editors of Time-Life Books. Planet Earth: Earthquake. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1982.
Gillian S. Holmes
Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Evolution to FerrocyanideFault - Plate Tectonics, History Of Our Understanding Of Faults, Types Of Faults, Mountain-building By Small Movements Along Faults - Famous or infamous faults