Alkanes, Alkyl RadicalsAlkenes
An alkyl group is a paraffinic hydrocarbon group that may be derived from an alkane by dropping one hydrogen from the structure. Such groups are often represented in chemical formulas by the letter R and have the generic name CnH2n+1.
The series of compounds derived from the alkanes by removing one hydrogen atom from each of two adjacent carbon atoms, thereby introducing a double bond into the molecule, bears the name olefin. The systematic names are formed by substituting the suffix -ene for -ane in the name of the alkane from which they are derived. Thus the series as a whole is called the alkenes. Some common alkenes are methylene (-CH 2 ), ethylene (CH2=CH2), and propylene (CH3CH=CH2).
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