Color Effects In Nature
We often wonder why the sky is blue, the water in the sea or swimming pools is blue or green, and why the sun in the twilight sky looks red. When light advances in a straight line from the sun to the earth, the light is refracted, and its colors are dispersed. The light of the dispersed colors depends on their wavelengths. Generally the sky looks blue because the short blue waves are scattered more than the longer waves of red light. The short waves of violet light (the shortest of all the light waves) disperse more than those of blue light. Yet the eye is less sensitive to violet than to blue. The sky looks red near the horizon because of the specific angle at which the long red wavelengths travel through the atmosphere. Impurities in the air may also make a difference in the colors that we see.
Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Cluster compound to ConcupiscenceColor - Light And Color, Rainbows, Refraction: The Bending Of Light, Diffraction And Interference, Transparent, Translucent, And Opaque