Clone and Cloning
The Ethics Of Cloning
Despite the benefits of cloning and its many promising avenues of research, certain ethical questions concerning the possible abuse of cloning have been raised. At the heart of these questions is the idea of humans tampering with life in a way that could harm society, either morally, or in a real physical sense. Despite these concerns, there is little doubt that cloning will continue to be used. Cloning of particular genes for research and production of medicines is usually not opposed, gene therapy is much more controversial, while cloning of human beings is nearly uniformly opposed. Human cloning was banned in most countries and even the use of human embryonic stem cells is being reviewed in many countries. On the other hand, cloning plants or animals will probably continue.
See also Transgenics.
Schaefer, Brian C. Gene Cloning and Analysis: Current Innovations. Norfolk: Horizon Press, 1997.
Wilmut, I., Kieth Campbell, and Colin Tudge. The Second Creation: Dolly and the Age of Biological Control. New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2000.
Pence, Gregory C. Who's Afraid of Human Cloning? Landham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998..
Loi, Pasqualino, Grazyna Ptak, Barbara Barboni, Josef Fulka Jr., Pietro Cappai, and Michael Clinton, "Genetic Rescue of an Endangered Mammal by Cross-species Nuclear Transfer Using Post-mortem Somatic Cells." Nature Biotechnology (October 2001):962–964
Ogonuki, Narumi, et al. "Early Death of Mice Cloned from Somatic Cells." Nature Genetics (February 11, 2002):253-254