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Cigarette Smoke

Offense Is The Best Defense

In 1998, a $206 billion settlement from tobacco companies to 46 states included a ban on all outdoor advertising of tobacco products. In 1999, the CDC appropriated more than $80 million to curtail tobacco use among young people. Coordinated education and prevention programs through schools have lowered the onset of smoking by 37% in seventh-grade students alone. By educating today's youth to the dangers of tobacco use, adults of tomorrow will have a longer, healthier, more productive life.

See also Respiratory system.



Bertrecchi, Carl E., et al. "The Human Costs of Tobacco Use, Part I" New England Journal of Medicine 330 (March 1994): 907.

Boyle, Peter. "The Hazards of Passive-and Active-Smoking." New England Journal of Medicine 328 (June 1993): 1708.

Brownlee, Shannon. "The Smoke Next Door." U.S. News and World Report 116 (June 1994): 66.

Hurt, Richard D., et al. "Nicotine Patch Therapy for Smoking Cessation Combined with Physician Advice and Nurse Follow-Up: One Year Outcome and Percentage of Nicotine Replacement." Journal of the American Medical Association 271 (February 1994): 595.

MacKenzie, Thomas D., et al. "The Human Costs of Tobacco Use, Part II" New England Journal of Medicine 330 (April 1994): 975.

Rogge, Wolfgang F. "Cigarette Smoke in the Urban Atmosphere." Environmental Science and Technology 28 (July 1994): 1375.

Sekhon, Harmanjatinder S., et al. "Cigarette Smoke Causes Rapid Cell Proliferation in Small Airways and Associated Pulmonary Arteries." American Journal of Physiology 267 (November 1994): L557.

Kathleen Scogna

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Chimaeras to ClusterCigarette Smoke - Environmental Tobacco Smoke, The Health Consequences Of Tobacco Use, Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer, Lung Disease - Components of cigarette smoke