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Aristotle. The Ethics of Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by J. Thomson. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1976.

——. The Politics. Translated by C. Reeve. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1998.

Burke, Edmund. Speech on American Taxation. 1774. In Works, vol. 2. London: George Bell, 1882.

Locke, John. Second Treatise of Government. 1689. Edited by P. Laslett. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. Discourses on Livy. 1531. Translated by L. Walker (trans. revised by B. Richardson). Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1974.

Marx, Karl. "Preface to a Critique of Political Economy." 1857. In Marx-Engels Reader, 2nd ed., edited by R. Tucker. New York: Norton, 1978.

Marx, Karl, and Engels Friedrich. Communist Manifesto. 1848. In Marx-Engels Reader, 2nd ed., edited by R. Tucker. New York: Norton, 1978.

Mill, John Stuart. Principles of Political Economy. 1848. In Collected Works, vols. 2 and 3, edited by J. Robson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1964.

Mun, T. English Treasure by Forreign Trade. 1664. Reprinted in Early English Tracts on Commerce, edited by John Ramsey McCulloch. Cambridge, U.K.: Economic History Society, 1952.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Social Contract. 1765. Edited by V. Gourevitch. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. 1776. Edited by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Veblen, Thorstein. The Theory of the Leisure Class. 1899. New York: Dover, 1994.


Berry, Christopher. The Idea of Luxury: A Conceptual and Historical Investigation. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Covers episodically issues and debates from the Greeks to the present day.

Coates, Alfred. On the History of Economic Thought. London: Routledge, 1992. A collection of previously published essays, a number of which summarize and discuss mercantilism, Smith, and nineteenth-century economists.

Hayek, F. A. Law, Liberty, and Legislation. 3 vols. London: Routledge, 1982.

Leibenstein, H. "Bandwagon, Snob, and Veblen Effects in the Theory of Consumers." Quarterly Journal of Economics 64 (1950): 183–207.

Macpherson, Crawford B. The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962.

Price, B. B., ed. Ancient Economic Thought. London: Routledge, 1997. A collection of essays covering Greek, Roman, Indian, and Hebraic ideas.

Rawls, John A. A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Clarendon, 1972.

Sahlins, Marshall. Stone Age Economics. London: Tavistock, 1974. At times controversial but informative essays in anthropological economics.

Troeltsch, Ernst. The Social Teaching of the Christian Churches. 2 vols. Translated by Olive Wyon. New York: Macmillan, 1931. A classic work and still of value. German edition, 1911.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Verbena Family (Verbenaceae) - Tropical Hardwoods In The Verbena Family to WelfarismWealth - Wealth And Virtue, Wealth And Power, Status, The Dangers Of Wealth, Conclusion, Bibliography