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Berlin, Isaiah. Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas. New York: The Viking Press, 1976.
Greenfield, Liah. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Herder, Johann Gottfried. Philosophical Writings. Translated and edited by Michael N. Forster. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. See especially Part IV.
Smith, Woodruff D. Politics and the Sciences of Culture in Germany, 1840–1920. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.