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Appadurai, Arjun, ed. The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Belshaw, Cyril S. Traditional Exchange and Modern Markets. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1965.

Brumfiel, Elizabeth M., and Timothy E. Earle. "Specialization, Exchange, and Complex Societies: An Introduction." In Specialization, Exchange, and Complex Societies, edited by Elizabeth M. Brumfiel and Timothy E. Earle. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Curtin, Philip D. Cross-Cultural Trade in World History. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Hall, Thomas, ed. A World-Systems Reader: New Perspectives on Gender, Urbanism, Indigenous Peoples, and Ecology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.

Helms, Mary W. Ancient Panama: Chiefs in Search of Power. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.

Humphrey, Caroline, and Stephen Hugh-Jones, eds. Barter, Exchange, and Value: An Anthropological Approach. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. Argonauts of the Western Pacific. London: G. Routledge and Sons, 1922.

Mauss, Marcel. The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press, 1954.

Piddocke, Stuart. "The Potlatch System of the Southern Kwakiutl: A New Perspective." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 21, no. 2 (1965): 244–264.

Plattner, Stuart, ed. Economic Anthropology. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1989.

Polanyi, Karl K., Conrad Arensberg, and Harry Pearson, eds. Trade and Markets in the Early Empires. New York: Free Press, 1957.

Sahlins, Marshall. Stone Age Economics. New York: Aldine, 1972. Reprint, London and New York: Routledge, 2004.

Service, Elman. Primitive Social Organization. New York: Random House, 1962.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System. New York: Academic Press, 1974.

Wolf, Eric. Europe and the People without History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Toxicology - Toxicology In Practice to TwinsTrade - Approaches To The Study Of Trade, The Formalist/substantivist Debate, Trade And The Development Of Civilization