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Social Darwinism

Marx On Evolutionism As A Social Construct

In a letter to Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx argued that the theory outlined in The Origin of Species is a construction of human society used to understand nature. "It is remarkable how Darwin recognises in beasts and plants his English society with its 'inventions' and the Malthusian 'struggle for existence'" (Dickens, 2000, p. 29). But Marx had a great deal of respect for Darwin. Despite using metaphor, Darwin's theory referred to real, important processes. It needed incorporating into Marx and Engels's understanding of human society. "Although developed in the crude English fashion, this is the book which, in the field of natural history, provides the basis for our views."

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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Adam Smith Biography to Spectroscopic binarySocial Darwinism - Darwinism: A Product Of Society?, Human Nature And The Struggle For Survival, Marx On Evolutionism As A Social Construct