Davis, Martin, ed. The Undecidable: Basic Papers on Undecidable Propositions, Unsolvable Problems and Computable Functions. Hewlett, N.Y.: Raven Press, 1965. This volume collects historically important papers on the logical foundations of computation.
Fodor, Jerry A. The Language of Thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975.
——. A Theory of Content and Other Essays. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990.
Haugeland, John, ed. Mind Design II. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997. A well-rounded collection of important philosophic essays on mental representation, ranging from classic papers in artificial intelligence to more recent developments such as artificial neural networks and dynamical systems.
Hodges, Andrew. Alan Turing: The Enigma. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983. This engrossing biography of Alan Turing offers, among many other insights, well-written informal accounts of Turing's contributions to logic and computation, in- cluding his theories on the role of mental representation in cognition.
Kosslyn, Stephen M. Image and Brain: The Resolution of the Imagery Debate. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1994.
McCartney, Scott. Eniac: The Triumphs and and Tragedies of the World's First Computer. New York: Walker, 1999.
McClelland, James L., David E. Rumelhart, and the PDP Research Group. Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986. Published in two volumes, these works played a major role in reintroducing artificial neural networks to cognitive science.
Watson, John B. "Psychology as the Behaviorist Sees It." Psychological Review 101, no. 2 (1913/1994): 248–253. A classic statement of the behaviorist program in psychology by a pioneer of the field.
Watson, Richard A. Representational Ideas: From Plato to Patricia Churchland. Dordrecht, Netherlands, and Boston: Kluwer, 1995.