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Carr, Edward H. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919–1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. London: Macmillan, 1946.

Connelly, M., and David Welch, eds. The Management of Perception: Propaganda, the Media and Warfare, 1900–2002. London: I. B. Tauris, 2003.

Creel, George. How We Advertised America. New York and London: Harper, 1920.

Cull, Nicholas J., David Culbert, and David Welch. Propaganda and Mass Persuasion, 1500 to the Present. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio, 2003.

Ellul, Jacques. Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes. New York: Knopf, 1965.

Garnett, David. The Secret History of PWE: The Political Warfare Executive, 1939–1945. London: St Ermin's Press, 2002.

Held, David, Anthony G. McGrew, David Goldblatt, et al, eds. Global Transformations: Politics, Economics, and Culture. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Herman, Edward S., and Noam Chomsky. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy and the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon, 1988.

Hixson, Walter L. Parting the Curtain: Propaganda, Culture, and the Cold War, 1945–1961. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.

Horten, Gerd. Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda during World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Jowett, Garth S., and Victoria O'Donnell. Propaganda and Persuasion. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 1999.

Kenez, Peter. The Birth of the Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917–1929. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Koppes, Clayton R., and Gregory D. Black. Hollywood Goes to War: How Politics, Profits, and Propaganda Shaped World War II Movies. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Lasmar, Paul, and James Oliver. Britain's Secret Propaganda War. Stroud, U.K.: Sutton, 1998.

Lasswell, Harold D., Daniel Lerner, and Hans Speier, eds. Propaganda and Communication in World History. Vol. 1: The Symbolic Instrument in Early Times. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1979.

——Propaganda and Communication in World History. Vol. 2: The Emergence of Public Opinion in the West. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1980.

Marlin, Randal. Propaganda and the Ethics of Persuasion. Peterborough, Ont. and Orchard Park, N.Y.: Broadview Press, 2002.

Messinger, Gary S. British Propaganda and the State in the First World War. Manchester, U.K., and New York: Manchester University Press, 1992.

Pratkanis, Anthony R., and Elliot Aronson. Age of Propaganda: The Everyday Use and Abuse of Persuasion. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1992.

Reeves, Nicholas. The Power of Film Propaganda: Myth or Reality? London and New York: Cassell, 1999.

Saunders, Frances S. Who Paid the Piper? The CIA and the Cultural Cold War. London: Granta, 1999.

Taithe, B., and T. Thornton, eds. Propaganda: Political Rhetoric and Identity 1300–2000. Stroud, U.K.: Sutton, 1999.

Taylor, Philip M. The Munitions of the Mind: A History of Propaganda from the Ancient World to the Present Era. 2nd ed. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 2003.

Thomson, Oliver. Easily Led: A History of Propaganda. Stroud, U.K.: Sutton, 1999.

Welch, David. Germany, Propaganda and Total War, 1914-18: The Sins of Omission. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2000.

——. The Third Reich: Politics and Propaganda. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.

Winston, Brian. Media Technology and Society: A History: From the Telegraph to the Internet. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Positive Number to Propaganda - World War IiPropaganda - World War Ii, Defining Propaganda, Bibliography