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Arendt, Hannah. Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Viking, 1968.

Aristotle. The Nichomachean Ethics. Translated by H. Rackham. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1939.

Berlin, Isaiah. Personal Impressions. 2nd ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Bourne, Randolph. "Transnational America." In his The Radical Will: Selected Writings, 19111918. Edited by Olaf Hansen. New York: Urizen Books, 1977.

Dahl, Robert A. A Preface to Economic Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Hirst, Paul Q., ed. The Pluralist Theory of the State: Selected Writings of G. D. H. Cole, J. N. Figgis, and H. J. Laski. London: Routledge, 1989.

James, William. A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures to Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy. London: Longmans, Green, 1909.

——. Pragmatism: And Four Essays from "The Meaning of Truth." Edited by Ralph Barton Perry. New York: Meridian, 1955.

Kallen, Horace M. "Democracy versus the Melting Pot." Nation 100 (18/25 February, 1915): 190–194; 217–220.

Locke, Alain. The Critical Temper of Alain Locke: A Selection of His Essays on Art and Culture. Edited by Jeffrey C. Stewart. New York: Garland, 1983.

——. "The New Negro." In The New Negro: An Interpretation, edited by Alain Locke. New York: A. and C. Boni, 1925.

Niebuhr, Reinhold. Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics. New York: Scribners, 1932.

Taylor, Charles. "The Politics of Recognition." In Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition": An Essay. Edited by Amy Gutmann. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992.


Akam, Everett Helmut. Transnational America: Cultural Pluralist Thought in the Twentieth Century. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.

Berlin, Isaiah. Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas. New York: Viking, 1976.

Berman, Paul. Terror and Liberalism. New York: Norton, 2003. An example of the identification of the West with pluralism, in contrast to "totalitarian" Islamic fundamentalism.

Hollinger, David A. Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism. New York: BasicBooks, 1995.

Isaac, Jeffrey C. Arendt, Camus, and Modern Rebellion. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1992.

Runciman, David. Pluralism and the Personality of the State. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Disuniting of America. New York: Norton, 1992.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Planck mass to PositPluralism - Philosophical Pluralism, Aristotle, German Historicism, Pragmatism, Cultural Pluralism, Political Pluralism, Conclusion