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Andrew, Donna. Philanthropy and Police: London Charity in the Eighteenth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Brown, Peter. Poverty and Leadership in the Later Roman Empire. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2002.

Cavallo, Sandra. Charity and Power in Early Modern Italy: Benefactors and Their Motives in Turin, 1541–1789. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Davis, Natalie. The Gift in Sixteenth-Century France. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude. Poverty and Compassion: The Moral Imagination of the Late Victorians. New York: Knopf, 1991.

Jones, Gareth. History of the Law of Charity, 1532–1827. London: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Loewenberg, Frank M. From Charity to Social Justice: The Emergence of Communal Institutions for the Support of the Poor in Ancient Judaism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 2001.

McCarthy, Kathleen D. American Creed: Philanthropy and the Rise of Civil Society, 1700–1865. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Miller, Howard S. The Legal Foundations of American Philanthropy, 1776–1844. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1961.

Safely, Thomas M. Charity and Economy in the Orphanages of Early Modern Augsburg. Boston: Humanities Press, 1997.

Veyne, Paul. Bread and Circuses: Historical Sociology and Political Pluralism. London: Penguin, 1992.

Weissman, Ronald. Ritual Brotherhood in Renaissance Florence. New York: Academic Press, 1982.

Winter, Bruce W. Seek the Welfare of the City: Christians as Benefactors and Citizens. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Pebi- to History of Philosophy - IndifferentismPhilanthropy - Ancient Mediterranean Examples, Christian Regimes Of Philanthropy, Early Modern Refinements, Modern "scientific" Philanthropy