1 minute read

Microcosm and Macrocosm



Bernardus Silvestris. The Cosmographia of Bernardus Silvestris. Translated by Winthrop Wetherbee. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.

Hildegard of Bingen. Hildegard of Bingen's Book of Divine Works, with Letters and Songs. Edited by Matthew Fox. Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear and Company, 1987.

Ibn Saddiq, Joseph. The Microcosm of Joseph Ibn Saddiq. Critically edited by Saul Horovitz; translated by Jacob Haberman. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003.

Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni. On the Dignity of Man, On Being and the One, Heptaplus. Translated by Charles Glenn Wallis, Paul J. W. Miller, and Douglas Carmichael. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965.


Allers, Rudolf. "Microcosmus: From Anaximandros to Paracelsus." Traditio 2 (1944): 319–407.

Altmann, Alexander. "The Delphic Maxim in Medieval Islam and Judaism." In Biblical and Other Studies, edited by Alexander Altmann, 196–232. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Boas, George. "The Microcosm." In The History of Ideas: An Introduction, 212–238. New York: Scribners, 1969.

Conger, George Perrigo. "Cosmic Persons and Human Universes in Indian Philosophy." Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal New Series, 29 (1933): 255–270.

——. Theories of Macrocosms and Microcosms in the History of Philosophy. New York: Russell and Russell, 1967. Reprint of a Columbia University dissertation from 1922.

Dales, Richard C. "A Medieval View of Human Dignity." Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (1977): 557–572.

Finckh, Ruth. Minor Mundus Homo: Studien zur Mikrokosmos-Idee in der mittelalterlichen Literatur. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1999.

Guthrie, W. K. C. "Man's Role in the Cosmos. Man the Microcosm: the Idea in Greek Thought and its Legacy to Europe." In The Living Heritage of Greek Antiquity, 56–73. European Cultural Foundation. The Hague: Mouton, 1967.

McGinn, Bernard. The Golden Chain: A Study in the Theological Anthropology of Isaac of Stella. Washington, D.C.: Cistercian Publications, 1972.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines: Conceptions of Nature and Methods Used for Its Study by the Ikhwan-al-Safa, al-Biruni, and Ibn Sina. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Norford, Don Parry. "Microcosm and Macrocosm in Seventeenth-Century Literature." Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (1977): 409–428.

Saxl, F. "Macrocosm and Microcosm in Mediaeval Pictures." In Lectures, Vol. 1, 58–72. London: Warburg Institute, 1957.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Methane to Molecular clockMicrocosm and Macrocosm - Origins, Plato, The Body Politic, Hellenism And Late Antiquity, Jewish And Muslim Theories In The Middle Ages