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Ancient and MedievalBibliography


Aristotle. Metaphysics. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, edited by Jonathan Barnes. Vol. 2. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985. Translations with extensive philosophical annotation of individual books of the Metaphysics can be found in the Clarendon Aristotle Series, published by Oxford University Press.

Plato. Dialogues. Various translations are available.

Aquinas, Thomas. Selected Philosophical Writings. Edited and translated by Timothy McDermott. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Contains a number of passages central to Aquinas's metaphysics, including the whole of De ente et essentia, 90–113.


Barnes, Jonathan. "Metaphysics." In The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle, edited by Jonathan Barnes, 66–108. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Dumont, S. "Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus." In The Routledge History of Philosophy, Vol. 3: Medieval Philosophy, edited by John Marenbon, 291–328. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. The chapter is almost entirely on their metaphysics.

White, Nicholas P. "Plato's Metaphysical Epistemology." In The Cambridge Companion to Plato, edited by Richard Kraut, 277–310. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Wippel, John F. "Essence and Existence." In Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism, 1100–1600, edited by Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg, 385–410. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Mathematics to Methanal trimerMetaphysics - Ancient and Medieval - What Is Metaphysics?, Form In Metaphysics, Two Main Questions Of Medieval Metaphysics, Bibliography