Wind Energy Timeline
The Persians develop windmills to crush grain and pump water.
The English develop windmills to crush grain.
The Dutch develop windmills to drain water from low-lying areas.
The Dutch colonize New Amsterdam (now New York City) and introduce their windmill designs to the New World.
Windmills begin to dot the American Great Plains as the railroad and settlers move westward.
Charles Brush builds the first electricity-generating windmill in Cleveland, Ohio. Later, General Electric buys his company.
Wind turbines generate electricity for thousands of rural areas across the Great Plains.
The world's first megawatt-size wind turbine operates in Vermont.
The U.S. government and NASA work together to improve wind turbine technology.
The world's first offshore wind farm operates off the coast of Denmark.
The price of oil increases causing great interest in renewable energies.
The United States Department of Energy forms.
Operation of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formally Solar Energy Research Institute) begins in Boulder, Colorado.
The U.S. government provides tax credits for the use of renewable energies.
California wind farms power 250,000 homes.
More efficient wind turbines replace early models in California.
Interest in wind energy grows as fossil fuel prices increase and their supplies decrease.