Other Free Encyclopedias » Science Encyclopedia » Science & Philosophy: Propagation to Quantum electrodynamics (QED)

Punishment - Vengeance And Punishment, Retribution And Consequentialism, The Enlightenment, From Justification To Explanation, Bibliography

offender time nietzsche social

Punishment is best defined as an authorized agent or institution intentionally inflicting pain on an offender or depriving the offender of something in response to an offense or crime the offender is said to have committed. But definitions, however broad, need to be approached with caution, since it is impossible to perfectly capture the myriad constellations of social practices labeled punishment over time and throughout the world. It is helpful to keep in mind Friedrich Nietzsche's (1844–1900) distinction between the forms of punishment (which have maintained a level of continuity) and the meanings of punishment (which have been numerous over time). Indeed, until Nietzsche, philosophical concern with punishment had been almost completely devoted to delineating the justifications of social sanctions. Although many philosophers, especially since the Enlightenment, have seen the great question as why anyone should be allowed to intentionally inflict harm at all, this need to justify the practice has been relatively recent. The more historically resonant need has not been to legitimate punishment itself but rather to distinguish punishment from revenge and justice from mere retribution.

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Crystal X Mengatasi Keputihan
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com
Keunggulan Produk Herbal Crystal X
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/keunggulan-dari-crystal-x.html
Crystal X
http://distributor-resmi-nasa.blogspot.com/2013/05/manfaat-dan-bahaya-crystal-x.html
CRYSTAL X UNTUK PROGRAM HAMIL
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/crystal-x-untuk-program-hamil-istri.html
Produk Terapi Untuk Suami Agar Istri Cepat Hamil
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/produk-terapi-untuk-suami-agar-istri-cepat-hamil.html
Cara Pemesanan Produk Crytal X
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/p/blog-page.html
Cara Pemakaian Crystal X untuk Hasil Memuaskan
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/cara-pemakaian-crystal-x-untuk-hasil.html
Crystal X Benar-Benar Aman
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/apakah-crystal-x-benar-benar-aman_22.html
Khasiat Crystal X Merawat Organ Intim
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/khasiat-crystal-x-merawat-organ-intim.html
Mengatasi Keputihan Dengan Crystal X
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/mengatasi-keputihan-dengan-crystal-x.html
Peranan Crystal X Sebagai Pembunuh Bakteri Jahat
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/peranan-crystal-x-sebagai-pembunuh.html
Fungsi Crystal X Untuk Memperlancar Menstruasi
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/fungsi-crystal-x-untuk-memperlancar.html
Efek Samping Penggunaan Crystal X
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/efek-samping-penggunaan-crystal-x.html
Mengatasi Keputihan Dengan Crystal X
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/04/mengatasi-keputihan-dengan-crystal-x.html
Cara Mengatasi Keputihan Tanpa Efek Samping
http://www.crystalxmengatasikeputihan.com/2015/05/cara-mengatasi-keputihan-tanpa-efek.html

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

i want to read the document