Other Free Encyclopedias » Science Encyclopedia » Science & Philosophy: Intuitionist logic to Kabbalah

Jihad - The Koran, Narratives, Early Conquests, Martyrdom, Treatment Of Non-muslims, The Obligation Of Jihad

internal external god arabic

Jihad, in Islam, is an idea of action. The Arabic word literally means "striving." When followed by the modifying phrase fisabil Allah, "in the path of God," or when this phrase is absent but assumed to be in force, jihad has the specific sense of fighting for the sake of God and religion. Other Arabic words are closely related in meaning and usage, including ribat, which also refers to a kind of building associated with ascetic and mystical gatherings.

Jihad refers first to a body of legal doctrine. The manuals of Islamic law all contain a section called "Book of Jihad" or something similar. Here is something like what Western jurisprudence calls ius in bello, law governing the conduct of war—declaration and cessation of hostilities, treatment of non-belligerents, division of spoils, and so on. One also finds something like ius ad bellum, the right to enter a state of war. At the same time, however, jihad is more than a set of juridical principles. Historians must take it into account when they consider political mobilization and contested authority within many Islamic societies. Above all, jihad has never ceased changing, right down to our own day.

Jihad has both an external and an internal aspect. The external jihad is physical combat against real enemies. The internal or "greater" jihad is a struggle against the self in which one suppresses one's base desires and then, perhaps, rises to contemplation of higher truth. Most modern Western writing on the jihad considers the spiritualized combat of the internal jihad as secondary and derivative, despite all the importance it eventually acquired in Muslim thought and society. However, much of Muslim opinion in our day favors the opposite view.

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Thanks for your article, it can help me.
Really your post is really very good and I appreciate it.
It’s hard to sort the good from the bad sometimes,
You write very well which is amazing. I really impressed by your post.

Crystal X Mengatasi Keputihan
Keunggulan Produk Herbal Crystal X
Crystal X
Produk Terapi Untuk Suami Agar Istri Cepat Hamil
Cara Pemesanan Produk Crytal X
Cara Pemakaian Crystal X untuk Hasil Memuaskan
Crystal X Benar-Benar Aman
Khasiat Crystal X Merawat Organ Intim
Mengatasi Keputihan Dengan Crystal X
Peranan Crystal X Sebagai Pembunuh Bakteri Jahat
Fungsi Crystal X Untuk Memperlancar Menstruasi
Efek Samping Penggunaan Crystal X
Mengatasi Keputihan Dengan Crystal X
Cara Mengatasi Keputihan Tanpa Efek Samping