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Steady-State Theory - Cosmological Assumptions, Evolution Of The Universe, Expansion Of The Universe, Cosmic Background Radiation, Steady-state Theory - Cosmological observations

hydrogen creation existed astronomers

Was there a moment of creation for the universe, or has the universe always existed? The steady-state theory is a cosmological theory for the origin of the universe that suggests the universe has always existed and did not have a moment of creation. This theory was popular during the 1950s and 1960s, but because of observations made during the 1960s, few, if any, astronomers now think that the steady-state theory is correct. The basic tenet of the steady-state theory is that the universe on a large scale does not change with time (evolve). It has always existed and will always continue to exist looking much as it does now. The universe is, however, known to be expanding. To allow for this expansion in an unchanging universe, the authors of the steady-state theory postulated that hydrogen atoms appeared out of empty space. These newly created hydrogen atoms were just enough to fill in the gaps caused by the expansion. Because hydrogen is continuously being created, the steady-state theory is sometimes called the continuous creation theory. This theory achieved great popularity for a couple of decades, but mounting observational evidence caused its demise in the late 1960s. The discovery in 1965 of the cosmic background radiation provided one of the most serious blows to the steady-state theory.

There are a number of observations that astronomers have made to test cosmological theories, including both the steady-state and the big bang theory. Some of these cosmological observations are described below.


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over 6 years ago

I beleive In God

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over 7 years ago

The Steady State theory says the universe started out small, almost no mass, then grew to what the universe is today. This can be easily understood when inserting gravity or an initial static charge to the equation, see electric universe. After g is added the equation grows exponentially, see fractal universe. Gravity defies the law of conservation when added as the work force in the formula for thermodynamics. Eternity is a long time, one hand clap. Gravity adds extra energy to mass via heat as it squeezes upon itself. Then energy transforms into matter, 90° of an electromagnetic front, see pair production. Thus explaining why the universe is expanding and accelerating. This shows the Steady State theory to be correct after all. When a well established theory is found to be incorrect then all the other theories should be examined once again to see what fits the new found data, like the accelerating galaxies that was observed and the big bang did not account for. Instead the BB theory was changed. The Steady State was still not considered even though it predicted the accelerating galaxies when the BB did not. In my opinion, I believe the Steady State theory was on the right path.

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about 6 years ago

By analysing the zCosmos deep field galactic survey, I find the the galactic density is constant over time. This is in favor of the steady state theory; however, I believe that both the steady state and big bang theory are not mutually exclusive. The difference in my model lies in the cosmic inflation period. The paper is available online: http://www.calameo.com/books/00014533338c183febd92

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over 9 years ago



Hmmmm, Where has it been decided that "The universe is, however, known to be expanding."



We see an expansion of something, who says it is the whole universe expanding and not just some other common event that occures in the natural universe.

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almost 10 years ago

You idea that we accept the "Big Bang" theory due to men being obsessed with explosions is flawed. Hoyle (of the Steady State theory) actually came up with the term to ridicule the rapid expansion theory thatg we now still call the Big Bang. The Big Bang has nothing to do with explosions and everything to do with rapid expansion. The proof of this was found in the cosmic background radiation.

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almost 10 years ago

The "big bang" concept is totally devoid
of any commonsense.
The male of the species has always, and still are, obsessed with explosions.So it comes as no surprise to find how popular this concept has become.
It would be useful to ask only women what they thought is most plausible of the theories.
The only astronomical theory conceived on this Earth,that is absolutely beyond question,
is the notion that the Universe is teeming with civilizations.
Remarkably, the academic scholars
have been the last people to have reached this obvious conclusion.

To speed up the process of learning,
the non-academic community should be asking each other questions about the science of the Universe, and give these scholars a chance to catch up with the rest of us.