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Slash-and-Burn Agriculture - Shifting Cultivation, Problems Of Tropical Deforestation

forest land poor people

Slash-and-burn is an agricultural system used in tropical countries, in which a forest is cut, the debris is burned, and the land is then used to grow crops. Slash-and-burn conversions are relatively stable and long-term in nature, and they are the leading cause of tropical deforestation.

Usually, some type of slash-and-burn system is used when extensive areas of tropical forest are converted into large scale, industrial agriculture, usually intended to supply commodities for an export market, rather than for local use. The slash-and-burn system is also widely used by individual, poor farmers when they develop agricultural land for subsistence farming and to supply cash goods to a local market. The poor farmers operate on a smaller scale, but there are many such people, so that huge areas are ultimately affected.

Slash-and-burn agriculture often follows soon after the natural tropical forest has been commercially logged, mostly because the network of logging roads that is constructed allows access to the otherwise almost impenetrable forest interior. Slash-and-burn agriculture may also be facilitated by government agencies, through the construction of roads that are specifically intended to help poor, landless people convert the forest into agricultural land. In other cases, slash-and-burn occurs in the absence of logging and planned roads, as a rapidly creeping deforestation that advances as poor people migrate to the forest frontier in search of land on which to grow food.



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over 7 years ago

MDI-Nepal, a NGO is working in the field of slash and burn farming system in central Nepal involving indigenous communities "Chepang". In Nepal it's called "Khoriya Farming". Most of the Chepang families are dependent on khoriya.



We woulkd like to share useful information on this practice so that we would be able to consolidate our on-going efforts to the best in improving livelihood of these families.



We will also share our experiences gradually.



Thanks !!!

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almost 2 years ago

i want the nam of the crops

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almost 6 years ago

I think this article was interesting to read so that i could try to comprehind the devastation and how people live in the forest.

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over 2 years ago

Print out

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over 5 years ago

this is not really helpful but i did get some info

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almost 6 years ago

Slash-and-burn is an agricultural system used in tropical countries, in which a forest is cut, the debris is burned, and the land is then used to grow crops. Slash-and-burn conversions are relatively stable and long-term in nature, and they are the leading cause of tropical deforestation.







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almost 6 years ago

Slash-and-burn is an agricultural system used in tropical countries, in which a forest is cut, the debris is burned, and the land is then used to grow crops. Slash-and-burn conversions are relatively stable and long-term in nature, and they are the leading cause of tropical deforestation.







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over 6 years ago

eyhbvijn zsk n yik,jy

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over 8 years ago

Shifting Agriculture and Deforestation:

Shifting agriculture is the primary means of subsistence for majority of the upland communities living in Hindukush and himalayan region. The practice may be called as rotational agroforestry system instead of using negative term like slash and burn, or swidden agriculture since only a small portion of forest being cleared for agricultural purposes. Besides, the practice conserves number of economically and ethnically important crop germplasm in on-farm level whom normally ignored by the academician and others. Moreover it conserves more forest than any other agricultural system in present day context. The practice is not only an agricultural practic but it intricately linked with the ethnic culture of the upland communities.

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about 10 years ago

what are the bad effects of shifting cultivation?