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Pneumonia - Pathophysiology Of Pneumonia

alveoli lung pneumonias fluid

The invading organism causes symptoms, in part, by provoking an overly exuberant immune response in the lungs. The small blood vessels in the lungs (capillaries) become leaky, and protein-rich fluid seeps into the alveoli. This results in a less functional area for oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange. The patient becomes relatively oxygen deprived, while retaining potentially damaging carbon dioxide. The patient breathes faster and faster, in an effort to bring in more oxygen and blow off more carbon dioxide.

Mucus production is increased, and the leaky capillaries may tinge the mucus with blood. Mucus plugs actually further decrease the efficiency of gas exchange in the lung. The alveoli fill further with fluid and debris from the large number of white blood cells being produced to fight the infection.

Consolidation, a feature of bacterial pneumonias, occurs when the alveoli, which are normally hollow air spaces within the lung, instead become solid, due to quantities of fluid and debris.

Viral pneumonias, and mycoplasma pneumonias, do not result in consolidation. These types of pneumonia primarily infect the walls of the alveoli and the parenchyma of the lung.

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about 3 years ago

Pathophysiology
Bacteria typically enter the lung with inhalation, though they can reach the lung through the bloodstream if other parts of the body are infected. Often, bacteria live in parts of the upper respiratory tract and are continually being inhaled into the alveoli. Once inside the alveoli, bacteria travel into the spaces between the cells and also between adjacent alveoli through connecting pores. This invasion triggers the immune system to respond by sending white blood cells responsible for attacking microorganisms (neutrophils) to the lungs. The neutrophils engulf and kill the offending organisms but also release cytokines which result in a general activation of the immune system. This results in the fever, chills, and fatigue common in bacterial and fungal pneumonia. The neutrophils, bacteria, and fluid leaked from surrounding blood vessels fill the alveoli and result in impaired oxygen transportation.
Bacteria often travel from the lung into the blood stream and can result in serious illness such as septic shock, in which there is low blood pressure leading to damage in multiple parts of the body including the brain, kidney, and heart. They can also travel to the area between the lungs and the chest wall, called the pleural cavity.

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over 5 years ago

tnks!! i was able to have a clear rationale for my ncp because of this.

tnk u very much!!!

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over 3 years ago

Pneumonia - Pathophysiology Of Pneumonia

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about 3 years ago

im a nursing student :D

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over 3 years ago

pathophsiology

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over 3 years ago

pathophsiology

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over 3 years ago

pneumonia

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about 3 years ago

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung, especially of the alveoli (microscopic air sacs in the lungs) or when the lungs fill with fluid (called consolidation and exudation). There are many causes, of which infection is the most common. Infecting agents can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. Chemical burns or physical injury to the lungs can also produce pneumonia
Typical symptoms include cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty in breathing. Diagnostic tools include x-rays and examination of the sputum. Treatment depends on the cause of pneumonia; bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics.
Pneumonia is a common disease that occurs in all age groups. It is a leading cause of death among the young, the old, and the chronically ill. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. The prognosis depends on the type of pneumonia, the treatment, any complications, and the person's underlying health.

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about 6 years ago

thanks...

it helped me.

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over 2 years ago

great .. very help ful ..!

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2 months ago

thanks a lot.

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over 1 year ago

thanks

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about 2 years ago

thanks for the info.

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about 2 years ago

thanks for the info.

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almost 3 years ago

this was really very helpful..thank you!

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almost 3 years ago

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almost 3 years ago

this was really very helpful..thank you!

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almost 3 years ago

this was really very helpful..thank you!

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almost 3 years ago

this was really very helpful..thank you!

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almost 3 years ago

this was really very helpful..thank you!

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about 3 years ago

thankz for the info!

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over 3 years ago

thank you

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over 5 years ago

tNx a lot for this info...

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almost 6 years ago

invaluable thanks

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almost 6 years ago

thank you for these infos.. it reli helps me..easy to understand and it gives guide to me when i did my schematic diagram in pathophysiology of pneumonia..

thank you very much...

Godbless..=>

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almost 6 years ago

great ..... i was able to tace it , tnks a lot

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almost 6 years ago

OMG thank YOU!

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almost 6 years ago

great!

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almost 6 years ago

thanks it so very helpful to my study...

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almost 6 years ago

very easy to understand!!!

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almost 6 years ago

thank you this very useful for revision

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about 6 years ago

thank u it really help me alot

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about 6 years ago

thanks a lot. a lot of help for me...

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about 6 years ago

thank you very much for the info