Other Free Encyclopedias » Science Encyclopedia » Science & Philosophy: Linear expansivity to Macrocosm and microcosm

Liverwort - General Characteristics, Life Cycle, Spore Dispersal, Evolution - Asexual reproduction

gemmae liverworts mosses species

The liverworts are one of three classes in the plant phylum Bryophyta. The other two classes are mosses and hornworts. Liverworts are small, green, terrestrial plants. They do not have true roots, stems, or leaves. Instead, they have an above ground leaf-like structure, known as a thallus, and an underground structure, known as a rhizoid. Most liverworts are found in moist environments and they tend to be less resistant to desiccation than their relatives, the mosses. Many liverwort species are found in temperate North America, but most species grow in the tropics.


Like mosses, many species of liverworts reproduce by making gemmae. Gemmae are small circular or spherical reproductive structures which are borne inside gemmae cups. The gemmae cups form on top of the thallus. Gemmae formation is an important form of asexual reproduction in many species of liverworts and mosses.


User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

11 months ago

you really gave me the info. i neaded thank you.

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

l am at present studing fossils plants and their present day relations and would be grateful if you could send any information on fossils liverworts to presentday liverworts and thier relations that you can pass on to me Thank you david smith

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

hi my name be boo im in science doing poopy tinkle box organism work with j and arex

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago

This website sucks