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Industrial Revolution - Effects Of The Industrial Revolution

growth workers factories technological

The Industrial Revolution brought about dramatic changes in nearly every aspect of British society, including demographics, politics, social structures and institutions, and the economy. With the growth of factories, for example, people were drawn to metropolitan centers. The number of cities with populations of more than 20,000 in England and Wales rose from 12 in 1800 to nearly 200 at the close of the century. As a specific example of the effects of technological change on demographics, the growth of coke smelting resulted in a shift of population centers in England from the south and east to the north and west.

Technological change also made possible the growth of capitalism. Factory owners and others who controlled the means of production rapidly became very rich. As an indication of the economic growth inspired by new technologies, purchasing power in Great Britain doubled and the total national income increased by a factor of ten in the years between 1800 and 1900.

Such changes also brought about a revolution in the nation's political structure. Industrial capitalists gradually replaced agrarian land owners as leaders of the nation's economy and power structure.

Working conditions were often much less than satisfactory for many of those employed in the new factory systems. Work places were often poorly ventilated, over-crowded, and replete with safety hazards. Men, women, and children alike were employed at survival wages in unhealthy and dangerous environments. Workers were often able to afford no more than the simplest housing, resulting in the rise of urban slums. Stories of the unbelievable work conditions in mines, textile factories, and other industrial plants soon became a staple of Victorian literature.

One consequence of these conditions was that action was eventually taken to protect workers—especially women and children—from the most extreme abuses of the factory system. Laws were passed requiring safety standards in factories, setting minimum age limits for young workers, establishing schools for children whose parents both worked, and creating other standards for the protection of workers. Workers themselves initiated activities to protect their own interests, the most important of which may have been the establishment of the first trade unions.

Overall, the successes of the technological changes here were so profound internationally that Great Britain became the world's leading power, largely because of the Industrial Revolution, for more than a century.

David E. Newton

KEY TERMS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Agrarian

—Relating to farming and agriculture.

Patent

—A grant given by a governmental body that allows a person or company sole rights to make, use or sell a new invention.

Smelting

—The process by which a metal is obtained from its ore.

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over 4 years ago

Wish this article listed inventions born from the Industrial Revolution and how they've had a lasting impact on the world...



Plus this article is mainly about the revolution and Britian. Needless to say, this revolution spread to North America and eventually the entire world.



The game.

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over 3 years ago

I may suggest a very interesting book for those who want to know more about the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain.It's under the title of"The Industrial Revolution 1760-1830"written by T.S Asheton and i wish it will helpfull for you as it's for me

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over 3 years ago

this article sucks booty instead of being at my boyfriends house im here looking up crap for my history project. i hate you mrs. trevino this totally sucks!!!! imma make it rain hoe!!! lol

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almost 4 years ago

frew

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over 3 years ago

barstards

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over 3 years ago

this article sucks my big black c ock!!!!!!! f ucking a ssholes cant teach nothing

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over 2 years ago

fuc ur motha

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over 2 years ago

not much help....-.-

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about 2 years ago

arms, legs, head, feet!
u a stupid ho.

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over 3 years ago

RJ IS AWESOME!

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almost 4 years ago

ELF

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almost 4 years ago

awesome

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almost 7 years ago

very helpful article

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over 3 years ago

stupid cunts!

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over 3 years ago

BIG TITIES

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over 3 years ago

call me 414-315-1494

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almost 4 years ago

ang pangit nyo

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almost 4 years ago

Dammit Joe you made me lose the game!!

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almost 4 years ago

dumb

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almost 4 years ago

Thanks for the help..

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almost 4 years ago

yo mom is citing

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over 3 years ago

great info> i copied everythinq for my project ;D

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over 3 years ago

great info i copied everythinq for my global project ;D

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about 4 years ago

nice article, but its spread into other parts of the world and its impact on africa wasn't mentioned.

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almost 7 years ago

wat is citing?

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almost 4 years ago

Why are there so many short articles out there. I just need a good article and this taught me about as much as my pinky did.

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about 3 years ago

Way to suck d ick. This article and almost every other has pretty much nothing good.

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almost 4 years ago

dike

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almost 3 years ago

This article really sucks.

t(O.Ot)fluff you.

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over 3 years ago

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over 2 years ago

This article was great! I'm sorry those idiots said it was horrible. It had all of the information I needed. Thank you for taking the time to do this. It is much appreciated.

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almost 3 years ago

i like this article very much.....

it will help me in my school. i hope i will get more information like this in future....

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almost 4 years ago

hey

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almost 4 years ago

the article helps a little but it would help a lot more if it told when the industial revolution began and why did it begin in the first place and what where some of the inventions and ways that helped spread the industrial revolution through europe and all the ither continets it spread through to...

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about 3 years ago

it should be more upgraded

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almost 7 years ago

Citing is when you use this information in your own works, you have to cite it r you'd be plagerising it.

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7 months ago

its stupid ignerint and ugly and your a jerk

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over 1 year ago

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almost 2 years ago

This is a great article! Thanks!

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almost 2 years ago

blank

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about 2 years ago

hey MF! Vat is dis? is a copy and paste man! No one look at this!

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over 2 years ago

this is all fake and a lie dont listen to this crap

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over 2 years ago

hi

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over 2 years ago

this is all fake and a lie dont listen to this crap

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over 2 years ago

it waz very helpful thx

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18 days ago

The Vocabulary is to high for me, i wish it was in a simple from, away that i can remember it easily -_-

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about 1 month ago

not too bad not to good