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Allergy - Types Of Allergy

rhinitis allergic million united

The most common cause of allergy is pollens that are responsible for seasonal or allergic rhinitis. The popular name for rhinitis, hay fever, a term used since the 1830s, is inaccurate because the condition is not characterized by fever. Throughout the world during every season, pollens from grasses, trees, and weeds affect certain individuals, producing allergic reactions like sneezing, runny nose, swollen nasal tissues, headaches, blocked sinuses, and watery, irritated eyes. Of the 46 million allergy sufferers in the United States, about 25 million have rhinitis.

Dust and the house dust mite constitute another major cause of allergies. While the mite itself is too large to be inhaled, its feces are about the size of pollen grains and can lead to allergic rhinitis. Other types of allergy can be traced to the fur of animals and pets, food, drugs, insect bites, and skin contact with chemical substances or odors. In the United States there are about 12 million people who are allergic to a variety of chemicals. In some cases an allergic reaction to an insect sting or a drug reaction can cause sudden death. Serious asthma attacks are associated with seasonal rhinitis and other allergies. About nine million people in the United States suffer from asthma.

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